WHAT DOES THE ABSENCE OF THE TOOTH
At first glance, the absence of a tooth is not a big problem, since the idea that there are other teeth that will help in chewing almost always occurs and the restoration of the lost tooth is postponed in the long box. Meanwhile, in the area of the absent tooth there is a series of irreversible processes that complicate and increase the cost of the treatment process in the future.
The reasons for which you need to restore lost teeth:
1. Atrophy of tissues in the missing tooth region:
Bone tissue and gums around the teeth in its genetics is created to carry the load when chewing. And in the case of tooth loss, this load is not present, which means that there is no function necessary for bone and gums, hence, tissues begin to receive less food and eventually become atrophy. In different people, the intensity and speed of decreasing the volume of bone and gums are different.
2. The Popov-Godon phenomenon:
Normally, all teeth on the jaw (upper or lower) have a contact point with the adjacent tooth. Through this contact point, the load when chewing is divided between all teeth of the dentition. In case this contact is absent, for example, in a region where there is no tooth, the active movement of a number of standing teeth into the free space begins. So the body tries to close the void to perform an adequate function of chewing. In the event that a chewing tooth that is 12 mm in average is lost, adjacent teeth are not able to completely cover the space of the former occupied tooth and the slope of these teeth arises, and this creates a hindrance when chewing. Adaptation mechanisms make this process invisible, but sometimes, in the neglected cases due to the Popov-Godon phenomenon, classical prosthetics or dental implantation become impossible. This phenomenon is also aggravated by the teeth of the opposite jaw that extend into the free space. Simply nature does not tolerate emptiness.
Complications of this kind have a negative effect on the process of digestion in general, as the food lump is not chewed well, and also affects the joint work, which is responsible for all movements of the lower jaw.
3. Caries and periodontitis:
The lost tooth opens a space for attaching plaque to the teeth that limit the defect. It is very difficult to clean these teeth, and thus there is a risk of formation of carious cavities and gingival pockets on these teeth. And the longer there is no tooth, the more serious the process can affect the integrity of neighboring teeth. This can even lead to the removal of previously healthy teeth.
4. Memory impairment:
There is an opinion that people with missing teeth are less likely to remember information. And also if there are not a large number of teeth, due to a decrease in bite, prerequisites for hearing impairment arise.
5. Aesthetics suffer:
If there is no tooth in the area that is open with a smile, it obviously affects aesthetics when smiling and talking. And this, in turn, affects how people perceive themselves in society. The subconscious lively gives out a number of complexes that prevent a person from communicating and smiling normally.